Amsterdam private canal tour

Amsterdam private canal tour by Hans Langh Netherlands private tours.

Seven bridges in a row Amsterdams canals Hans Langh Amsterdam private canal tour
Hans Langh Tours suggests reading about Prinsengracht (named after the Prince of Orange), Keizersgracht (named after the Austrian emperor Maximilian I), Herengracht (named after the heren regents who governed the city in the 16th and 17th century) and Singel (the border of the medieval city of Amsterdam), Stepped gables (between 1600-65), neck gables (from 1640-1840) and bell-shaped gables (popular in the late 17th century), Brouwersgracht (refers to the many breweries which were located here during the 16th and 17th centuries), Blauwburgwal, de Coningh van Denemarken (anno 1615 Herengracht 120), Amsterdam Renaissance style (architectural style from the Dutch Golden Age), Philips Vingboons (1607-1678 was both a painter and an architect), Leliegracht, House Bartolotti (house on the Herengracht built in 1617 designed by architect Hendrick de Keyser), the Zonnewijser, Louis XV and XVI style (the style of architecture based upon symmetry or non-symmetry), Westermarkt, the Farmer from Transvaals, House of Brienen (built in 1620 for a wealthy Amsterdam jeweller), Hendrick de Keyser (most important Dutch sculptor and an architect of the 17th century. Ornamental style of the Dutch Renaissance versus Classicism), Museum Grachtenhuis (museum dedicated to the architecture of the canal belt), Sonnenberg, the Cromhout houses (Herengracht 364-370 four houses built in classicistical style by  Philip Vingboons between 1660 and 1662), Dutch Institute for War Documentation, Leidsegracht, the Golden Bend of Herengracht (‘canal-side palaces’), House de Neufville, Melkmeisjesbrug, Spiegelgracht (antique shops and art galleries), House de Vicq, House with the Columns,  Amsterdam Mayor’s residence, Reguliersgracht, House with the Bloodstains, Dutch Classicism style. House with the Heads, EHLB building, the Groote Keyser, the Syrian-Orthodox Church, Claes Reiniershof, Felix Meritis, New Walloon Church, the Van Raey Houses, ABN de Bazel, Groenlandse warehouses, Prinsengracht, Zon’s Hof, Gunter en Meuser, Hotel Pulitzer, Suykerhof, the Milkfactory, Church de Duif (built in 1858 as the Roman Catholic Church), Amsterdams Welvaren, de Pool, Brienenhof, warehouses Zon en Maan: from Amsterdams canals Hans Langh Netherlands private tours

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Amsterdam defence line tour

Amsterdam defence line tour by Hans Langh Netherlands private tours.

fortification in Beemster polder Amsterdam defence line tour Hans Langh Netherlands private tours
Hans Langh Tours suggests reading about the UNESCO listed ‘Stelling van Amsterdam’. This water wall was created before the first Worldwar at a distance of around 15 miles around Amsterdam. A 100 miles long ring defence line: waterways, polders, dams, fortresses, inlet sluices, military depots and housing facilities.
 Extending 135 km around the city of Amsterdam, Defence Line of Amsterdam (built between 1883 and 1920) is the only example of a fortification based on the principle of controlling the waters. Since the 16th century, the people of the Netherlands have used their expert knowledge of hydraulic engineering for defence purposes. see: https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/759
The Stelling van Amsterdam was never used in combat. After the invention of the airplane and advancing techniques of artillery and infantry the Defence Line became useless almost as soon as it was finished.
Untill the Cold War it had a role in Holland’s defence.
 Since 1996 it is on Unesco’s World heritage list. 
A drive from Edam, Beemster polder, Schermer polder, Haarlemmermeer polder, Aalsmeer, Westeinder lakes, River Vecht, Muiden to Pampus island. Tour Amsterdam defence line Hans Langh Netherlands private tours
Highlights are: Sierra Pappa Yankee, Edam Pompsluis, Purmerend, Purmer and Beemsterpolder, Schermerpolder, Jisp, Fort benoorden Spaarnedam, Kunstfort Vijfhuizen, Haarlemmermeer, inundation points, Fort bij Marken,Fort aan den Ham, Fort IJmuiden 1914, Fort bij Heemstede, Fort bij Aalsmeer, Fort Kudelstaart, de Kwakel Fortbrug, Fort aan de Drecht, river the Waver, Fort Nigtevecht, Fort Hinderdam, Fort Uitermeer, Fort Weesp, Fort H Muiden, MEGA kustbatterij Durgerdam, Fort Pampus, Fort Benoorden Spaarndam, West batteries Muiden, Fort aan de Winkel, Fort Pampus, Kustbatterij Durgerdam, Westbatterij Muiden, Muizenfort Muiden, Fort Abcoude, Fort in de Botshol, Fort Waver,the Amstel, Fort Uithoorn, Fort de Kwakel, Fort Sloterweg, Fort bezuiden Spaarndam, Fort Penningsveer, Fort benoorden Spaarndam, Fort Sint Aagtendijk, Fort Krommeniedijk, Fort aan den Ham, Fort Markenbinnen, Fort Spijkerboor, Fort Jisperweg, Fort Middenweg, Fort Nekkerweg, Fort benoorden Purmerend, Fort Edam. Tour Amsterdam defence line Hans Langh Netherlands private tours

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